You’ve probably seen this word used in a medical setting before, but what does it mean? Usually, when people use the term, “hemorrhage”, they’re referring to a significant loss of blood. Most people wouldn’t use the word to describe a tiny cut from a kitchen knife. It’s mainly used in conjunction with serious injury or life-threatening situations.
However, hemorrhage is just another word for bleeding. It can include blood loss internally, for instance when internal organs experience some form of blunt force trauma, or when some object breaks the skin and bleeding is external. Blood can also leave the body through natural openings like the nose, mouth, ears, etc.
Anytime someone loses blood, it’s cause for concern. Most of the time, blood loss is manageable, but many people lose their lives every day because they bleed uncontrollably after a car accident or some other intense injury.
Stopping bleeding is paramount in any sort of injury. Here is some helpful information about hemorrhage and what can be done to stop bleeding fast.
What Happens When We Bleed?
When we bleed, whether it’s internal or external, our body initiates an immune response to stop the bleeding. Blood cells rally to the break in the skin or blood vessels to coagulate the blood and get it to stop flowing into places it shouldn’t. Healthy people typically get bleeding to stop faster, but, for example, some older people take blood thinners that make it harder to stop bleeding.
When enough blood cells get together at the wound, the blood flow begins to slow and eventually stops. Then, as the blood dries, scabs form and the skin starts to heal. The problem, of course, arises when it’s hard to stop the bleeding. People who lose a lot of blood go into shock and their situation becomes more grave.
How to Stop Bleeding
Anytime you or someone you know is bleeding, the most important thing you can do is find the wound and apply pressure. Often, a couple of minutes of direct pressure on the wound is enough to stop the bleeding. In cases where there is a serious injury, you should hold pressure on the wound for as long as it takes for first responders to arrive on the scene. This will slow the loss of blood and improve the patient’s chances of recovery.
Sometimes bleeding is hard to notice because it’s happening inside of the body. For example, skin breaks don’t always happen in a car accident. When someone slams against a seat or an armrest or some other object in the car at high speeds, if the object doesn’t have sharp edges, it may not break the skin. Instead, the item smashes into someone’s body and causes internal bleeding.
Signs of internal bleeding include shock or a pooling of blood in an area under the skin, also known as a hematoma. People bleeding internally may also cough up blood or see blood in their stool when they use the toilet.
See a Doctor
If you are bleeding internally or externally after an accident, or you’re seeing more blood in your mouth or stool, you should see a medical professional. Medical care providers can check you out to find the cause of the bleeding and start working toward a solution. There are some medical conditions, like liver disease, leukemia, colon diverticulosis, and others where bleeding internally is more common. The earlier you see a doctor about the bleeding, the better. A doctor will help you figure out the best course of action regarding treatment.
Hemorrhage and Peptides
PT-141 is an impressive peptide when it comes to blood loss control. Due to slight modifications to the peptide in 2009, PT-141 started showing promising results as a treatment for a hemorrhagic shock because it reduced ischemia and sustained tissues with poor blood supply. The peptide also produced positive results in rat models around reducing inflammation. According to peptidesciences.com PT-141 is currently going through phase IV trials.
Understanding hemorrhage, how to control bleeding, and what options there are for treatment is vital for people dealing with the aftermath of accidents and chronic health conditions. The more you know about the body and the cardiovascular system, the better you can stay healthy and treat any medical issues that arise.